Tuesday, Jan 5, 2015
Filling the Gaps
BC's cost of living puts people well below the national poverty line
Trish Garner, BC Poverty Reduction Voice file photo 2010
Trish Garner protests at Five Corners in February 2010.
BC’s Food Bank Day here in BC on Friday, December 4, raised the grand total of $630,314. For the 100,086 users of food banks, which includes those on income assistance and people with disabilities, as well as seniors and low wage workers, that amounts to only $6.30 per person for the whole year. Clearly, that’s no cause for celebration!
I’m reminded of the question that Mary Ellen Turpel-Lafond, BC’s Representative for Children and Youth, encourages us to ask during the giving season: “We need to actually not only feed our neighbour’s children, but really understand why is it that their parents are not able to feed them. What is causing the degree of poverty that we’re experiencing?”
Charity is the community response to poverty but where is the government response? BC is actually one of the most generous provinces in Canada in terms of how much we give to charity as a share of our income but we have had one of the highest poverty rates for the last 13 years. We cannot fill the gap left by policies that put welfare, disability and the minimum wage far below the poverty line and do very little to ease the increasing cost of living, in particular, housing and childcare. We desperately need the government to step up and share the weight with us.
The fundamental problem with charity is that nothing changes. We have to continue to donate year after year while more and more people continue to use the food banks because the systemic issues that keep people in poverty remain absolutely unchanged, and perhaps even get more and more ignored as we cover over them with feeling good about dropping our cans off. If we don’t make change, CBC’s 30th anniversary of their food bank day next year will be the first of many big milestones and I will see you at the 40th anniversary and years to come beyond that.
One strong way to change the system is to adopt a human rights perspective to poverty. The existence of poverty in British Columbia is a violation of human rights. There is in fact not only a moral duty to eradicate poverty but also a legal obligation under international human rights law. December 10 was International Human Rights Day, but there was little to celebrate here in BC.
A human rights approach to poverty is based on a fundamental respect for human dignity as opposed to a charitable approach, which, let’s be honest, situates poor people as pitiful. Why not instead give people a level of income that provides for them and their families? A human rights framework recognizes people in poverty as rights-bearers entitled to assert legal claims rather than being passive recipients of charitable aid.
In 1976, almost 40 years ago, Canada ratified the United Nations International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which recognizes “the right of everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family, including adequate food, clothing and housing, and to the continuous improvement of living conditions.”
The government of British Columbia is clearly failing to meet its human rights obligations. 1-in-10 British Columbians live in poverty and BC is now the last province left without a poverty reduction plan.
Don’t get me wrong; giving to charity is necessary in this time of great need in order to address the immediate needs of people living in poverty. However, charities can only provide short-term relief that addresses the “downstream” symptoms and we need long-term solutions that go “upstream” to fix the root causes.
So, this past holiday season, I encouraged people to rethink giving. At the heart of giving is caring for each other and charity even at its highest level is not the best avenue for taking care of each other: what can $6.30 really contribute to a family’s struggle to make ends meet? It is only at the level of government that we can have the greatest impact and truly make a difference.
We were hoping to match our donations with an action. Here’s an idea to take to our provincial government. Most other places in Canada have a poverty reduction plan and they are already saving lives and money. BC needs a comprehensive poverty reduction plan with legislated targets and timelines to really make a difference for families, communities and our province.
It’s time for the BC government to comply with its obligations under international law and stop relying on our generosity to tackle the crisis of poverty, a generosity that can never fill the hole left by government inaction.
Trish Garner is the Community Organizer of the BC Poverty Reduction Coalition www.bcpovertyreduction.ca, a broad-based network of over 400 organizations throughout BC that are calling on the provincial government to commit to a comprehensive poverty reduction plan with legislated targets and timelines.
Bill Hopwood is the Organizer for Raise the Rates www.raisetherates.org
Visit rethinkgiving.ca [http://rethinkgiving.ca] for more and share the Advent Calendar with a new door to open every day on FaceBook www.facebook.com/BCPovertyReductionCoalition and Twitter www.twitter.com/PovReductionBC
For more information on this issue, please read “Poverty in British Columbia is a Violation of Human Rights,” the BCPRC’s position paper on poverty and human rights, which is the foundation of their approach.
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